Skip to main content

Southwest Florida Research & Education Center

Southwest Florida Research & Education Center



Sanjay Shukla

Professor, Ph.D

Water Resources Engineering

Sanjay Shukla is a professor in the Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department working at IFAS's Southwest Florida Research and Education Center in Immokalee, Florida. Shukla's primary interest is water quality and supply issues, and his location in Immokalee puts him in the center of one of the most delicately balanced environments of the country, South Florida.

Research Areas

  • Water Use Sustainability

    Studies in Water Use Sustainability are based on the following subtopics, which help in deciding water use based on crops, climate, and helps in optimization of production systems. the research also investigates the alternative water supplies for the future.

    Crop Water Use

    • Agricultural Crops:
      • Large lysimeter facility for measurement of water and nutrient fluxes
      • Vegetable, sugarcane, rice and bioenergy crops
    • Natural systems (wetland)
      • Eddy flux

    Irrigation/Drainage for Current and Future Climates

    • Traditional and Micro Irrigation Systems
    • ET, soil moisture, & water-table based management for water conservation
    • Tomato, Pepper, Watermelon, Bioenergy
    • Development and field testing of management tools

    Production System Optimization

    • Vegetable bed geometry alternatives for enhanced water and nutrient use
    • Organic amendments for increased sustainability

    Alternative Water Supply for a Changing Climate

    • Recycling agricultural drainage as a water supply source at the farm and watershed scale (citrus, vegetable, sugarcane)
  • BMPs and Water Quality

    Field and watershed scale research to provide land managers with options that improve water quality while preserving agriculture.

    Water and Nutrient BMPs

    • Current and Recommended water and nutrient inputs

    Farm and Ranch-scale Nutrient Treatment BMPs

    • Treatment Optimization
    • Florida Agricultural Stormwater
    • Treatment Guidelines Biomass harvesting

    Ranch-scale Water Retention in Everglades Basin

    • Dispersed water storage on working ranches to reduce harmful flows and nutrients to Lake Okeechobee, Everglades and estuaries

    Cattle Crossing BMP

    • Cost-effective nutrient reduction strategy
  • Payment for Environmental Services

    This research elements goes in the details of the payments associated with the use of environmental services.

    Water Storage and Treatment in Working Agricultural Systems

    • Design and verification of a pilot PES program in the Northern Everglades Basin
    • Landowners store water and receive payment for storing water and removing nutrients
    • Integrated surface and ground water modeling to optimize water storage

    Biodiversity Linkages

    • Linking ranchland hydrology to ecology
      • Plant (forage, obligate, & invasive) and animal (vertebrate & invertebrate)

    Hydroecologic Modeling and Decision Support for PES

    • Measurement, modeling, tradeoff analysis
    • Tradeoffs: water availability versus native biodiversity; effects on stressors such as invasive plants and mosquitoes.

The latest from the lab of Dr. Sanjay Shukla

UF research: Recycle phosphorus before it goes into public waters – and save millions

IMMOKALEE, Fla. --- Recycle phosphorus while it’s still on the farm, and you can help prevent the nutrient from flowing downstream -- where it could pollute water bodies -- says a University of Florida scientist. Reusing phosphorus using...

UF/IFAS engineer earns national honor for work in microirrigation

With his compact-bed geometry design, Sanjay Shukla has helped farmers around the world save on water, fertilizer and money. In Shukla’s design, taller, narrower beds of soil replace shorter, wider ones. Current beds tend to be 3-feet wide and...

Taller, Higher Soil Bed Design Can Help Save Farmers Thousands of Dollars

IMMOKALEE, Fla. --- From Florida to Virginia, farmers are enjoying the fruits of Sanjay Shukla’s labor. His compact-bed geometry system allows growers to plant crops in tall soil beds, and the result is thousands of dollars in annual...